There are differing ideas about the use of et al., however. If you are writing a paper for a class, you might want to ask your teacher or professor what he or she prefers (if only for the sake of your grade). Following Hair et. Al., the minimum of the item-to-total correlation per item was defined at.50. Strategic Management in Islamic Finance, Alexander Pock, even the recent Gartner report from star analyst Jane Disbrow et al. The issue of whether to place a comma before et al. Is complicated, but youll be fine if you treat it as you would the words and others. So when et al.
Laboratory Production of Cattle Embryos, Ian R. Gordon, slaying the goliath that is the Los Angeles Galaxy David Beckham, Landon Donovan et al. In the 2009 MLS Cup final proved that. Follows a single name (e.g., Tate et al. it doesnt need a comma. When it follows more than one name, some publications set et al. Apart with a comma, and some dont. Et al. Is an abbreviation of the Latin loanphrase et alii, meaning and others. It is similar to etc. (short for et cetera, meaning and the rest but whereas etc. Applies to things, et al.