Drs. RM, HH and JR also acknowledge ongoing funding support from the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
Dinstein, Thomas, Behrmann, Heeger, 2008; Southgate de C. Hamilton, 2008). Note that there are several limitations in these results. Firstly, it is not clear why the yawning response was observed equally frequently during and after the presentation of the control stimuli as in the yawning condition, especially in TD children. Abstract, importance, the high prevalence of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) among adolescents has brought much focus to this area in recent years. Sports injuries have been identified as a main mechanism. Design, Settings and Participants, data were derived from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Healths 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey (osduhs). This population-based cross-sectional school survey included 10,272 7th to 12th graders (ages 1120) who completed anonymous self-administered questionnaires in classrooms. (2007). Discussion In the current study, yawning stimuli elicited an equally frequent yawning response in both TD children and children with ASD. It contrasts with the previous study (Senju et al., 2007 which found the absence of contagious yawning in children with ASD using exactly the same stimuli. Energy drink consumption among adolescents is associated with injury and other adverse correlates, and existing research suggests that adolescents who are attracted to energy drink consumption are generally engaged in more risk behaviours and experience greater adverse outcomes than non-energy drink consumers 1724. Methods, the study was approved by the Research Ethics Committees of the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, St. Michaels Hospital, participating Ontario Public and Catholic school boards, and York University, which administered the surveys.
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